Spiral Electric Resistor Nicr Alloy 1 - 5 Mohm For Air Conditioner
1.Material General Description
Constantan is a copper-nickel alloy also known as Eureka, Advance, and Ferry. It usually consists of 55% copper and 45% nickel. Its main feature is its resistivity, which is constant over a wide range of temperatures. Other alloys
with similarly low temperature coefficients are known, such as manganin (Cu86Mn12Ni2).
For the measurement of very large strains, 5% (50 000 microstrian) or above, annealed constantan (P alloy) is the grid material
normally selected. Constantan in this form is very ductile; and, in gauge lengths of 0.125 inches (3.2 mm) and longer, can be
strained to >20%. It should be borne in mind, however, that
under high cyclic strains the P alloy will exhibit some permanent
resistivity change with each cycle, and cause a corresponding zero shift in the strain gauge. Because of this characteristic, and the
tendency for premature grid failure with repeated straining, P
alloy is not ordinarily recommended for cyclic strain applications.
P alloy is available with S-T-C numbers of 08 and 40 for use on
metals and plastics, respectively.
2. Spring Introduction and applications
A spiral torsion spring, or hairspring, in an alarm clock.
A volute spring. Under compression the coils slide over each other,
so affording longer travel.
Vertical volute springs of Stuart tank
Tension springs in a folded line reverberation device.
A torsion bar twisted under load
Leaf spring on a truck
Springs can be classified depending on how the load force is
applied to them:
Tension/extension spring – the spring is designed to operate with a
tension load, so the spring stretches as the load is applied to it.
Compression spring – is designed to operate with a compression
load, so the spring gets shorter as the load is applied to it.
Torsion spring – unlike the above types in which the load is an
axial force, the load applied to a torsion spring is a torque or
twisting force, and the end of the spring rotates through an angle
as the load is applied.
Constant spring - supported load remains the same throughout
Variable spring - resistance of the coil to load varies during
Variable stiffness spring - resistance of the coil to load can be
dynamically varied for example by the control system,some types of
these springs also vary their length thereby providing actuation
capability as well.
They can also be classified based on their shape:
Flat spring – this type is made of a flat spring steel.
Machined spring – this type of spring is manufactured by machining
bar stock with a lathe and/or milling operation rather than a
coiling operation. Since it is machined, the spring may incorporate
features in addition to the elastic element. Machined springs can
be made in the typical load cases of compression/extension,
Serpentine spring - a zig-zag of thick wire - often used in modern
3.Chemical Composition and Main Property of Cu-Ni Low Resistance
|Main Chemical Composition||Ni||1||2||6||8||_||10|
|Max Continuous Service Temperature(oC)||200||200||200||250||200||250|
|Resisivity at 20oC (Ωmm2/m)||0.03||0.05||0.10||0.12||0.12||0.15|
|EMF vs Cu(μV/oC)(0~100oC)||-8||-12||-12||-22||_||-25|
|Approximate Melting Point( oC)||1085||1090||1095||1097||1050||1100|
|Main Chemical Composition||Ni||14||19||23||30||34||44|
|Max Continuous Service Temperature(oC)||300||300||300||350||350||400|
|Resisivity at 20oC (Ωmm2/m)||0.20||0.25||0.30||0.35||0.40||0.49|
|EMF vs Cu(μV/oC)(0~100oC)||-28||-32||-34||-37||-39||-43|
|Approximate Melting Point( oC)||1115||1135||1150||1170||1180||1280|